6th NATIONAL THREAT SYMPOSIUM:

New Directions in Information Sharing

1 November 1994

REINVENTING INTELLIGENCE:

THE ADVANTAGES OF OPEN SOURCE INFORMATION AND

NATIONAL AND CORPORATE SECURITY IN THE AGE OF INFORMATION

Robert D. Steele, President

OPEN SOURCE SOLUTIONS, Inc. Introduction

From the swamp (clandestine case officer) Into the soup (USMC Intelligence Center)

Three objectives -- General discussion of changing threat and circumstances -- Specific discussion of changing focus of OPSEC -- General discussion of where community might be going

Concepts

Threat: four warrior classes, implications for OPSEC Data--Information--Intelligence Information kill zone (soft, low, reversible, undetectable)

Context

Jigsaw Puzzle (Context & Orientation) Information Continuum (Broader Plain to Defend) Virtual Intelligence Community (How to Secure Cyberspace) OSCINT = Savings for Reinvestment in Clandestine/Technical

Challenge

Integrated Analysis Competing Influences Just in Time/Diamond (Implications for OPSEC) Unclas 80% of Needed Product

Change

Analyst as Network Manager Analyst as Consumer Recruiter-Handler Analyst as Collection Manager Analyst as OPSEC Focal Point

Country

Intelligence Cannot Succeed in Isolation The Smart Nation National Information Strategy (Four C's)

OPSEC Today

Government Decision-Making Law Enforcement Financial Industry National Competitiveness On CLIPPER--three reasons for PGP Transition from Physical to Virtual Security

The Future of Intelligence

National Intelligence (lower case) Classified Government Capabilities Unclassified Private Sector Capabilities

CIA is gone

New Clandestine Services Agency (CSA) Based in Philadelphia Totally non-official

DDS&T transferred to NSA and cut in half

DDA is gone--community consolidates training, personnel

Langley occupied by NIC and inter-agency centers Private sector integrated Unclassified government analysis integrated Chairman is senior classified advisor to President

F Street occupied by Center for Exploitation of Open Sources National Information Foundation COSPO

NSA thriving 1/3 encryption 1/3 alternative transmitters 1/3 cyberspace

NRO part of combined Defense Mapping & Reconnaissance Agency Contracting out 75% of collection and production Private sector does near real time 1:50,000 map making Precision munitions guided in real time from commercial sensors

DIA alive and well Four star Director of Military Intelligence Total authority over NSA, DMA, NRO, GDIP, TIARA Provides manning and multi-media data down to tactical level

Director of National Intelligence Subordinate Director of Classified Intelligence Subordinate Director of Public Intelligence Deputy Director of National Intelligence for R&D Deputy Director of National Intelligence for C4 Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Security

Conclusion

Ethics of intelligence is changing Ecology of knowledge requires expansion of the OPSEC concept Evolution of national intelligence is accelerating Intelligence as we understand it now is one ninth of the whole This brings us to E3I instead of C3I as the dominant thrust.

OSS '94, Third International Symposium on "National Security & National Competitiveness: Open Source Solutions", will take place in Alexandria, Virginia 8-10 November 1994, with a day of pre-conferences 7 November 1994. The program focuses on open sources of intelligence (including imagery and signals), tools for handling multi-media information, and potential government-private sector partnerships in producing open source intelligence. For a detailed agenda and listing of 30 world-class speakers, 30 interactive interest groups, and 50 international exhibits, call (703) 242-1700 or fax (703) 242-1711.